Dr. YUSLIZA, M. Y has been an Associate Professor with the Faculty of Business, Economics & Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu. She is the author of more than 100 articles. Her research interests are organizational and behavioural studies, human resource management, green human resource management, international human resource management (international students adjustment), electronic human resource management, line managers involvement in human resource management, empowerment, human resource roles and competencies.
Modeling the Effect of Supportive Work Environment on
Employee Retention using Structural Equation Modeling
Abstract:This study explores the relationship between
peer group interaction, perceived climate, perceived
organizational support, supervisory relationship on
employee retention. Data were collected among academic
staff in one of the public universities in Malaysia. A
cross-sectional survey using hardcopy and online was
used to collect data, 225 valid responses were analyzed.
Besides, the structural equation modeling technique has
been used to test the proposed hypothesized model. The
study concludes the positive effect of peer group
interaction, perceived climate, perceived organizational
support, supervisory relationship on employee retention.
Universities need to provide supportive environments
that enable staff to remain focused and dedicated to
maintain high morale and reduce academic staff turnover.
As a result, employees' positive perception of their
work environment reduced their turnover intention
decisions. The findings of this study further elucidate
how a supportive work environment impacts employee
retention among academic staff in Malaysia context.